In June 2013 I posted a photograph of a member of the AIF in a group of patients  from the Horton War Hospital, Epsom, City of London. The photograph was dated 4 April 1917. Close examination of this image shows that the soldier’s legs were amputated  below the knee. Although his identity was at that stage unknown, recent research by Christine Cramer has identified him as Thomas Rountree.

Identification has been guided by details in his service record which describe his injuries and the locations and dates of his treatment –  in particular his presence in 1917 at Horton War Hospital during the period the photograph was taken. Images of Thomas Rountree on public trees of the genealogy website show the older Thomas Rountree, now equipped with artificial legs.

Thomas Rountree was 18 when he volunteered in 1916 and living in the Ballina area of New South Wales. He served with the 30th Battalion in France before being pronounced seriously ill with trench feet. His amputations, which  took place in two stages – the second and more drastic operation in August 1917 – were originally the result of complications, probably gangrene.  This was the family story  a grandson remembers hearing as a child .

He  returned to Australia in late 1917 and was discharged in February 1918 to resume  civilian life. This could have presented overwhelming difficulties to men with similar injuries. However in Thomas Rountree’s case he seems not to have been unduly held back by his disability. In 1923 he was commended for his bravery by a judge for giving chase on artificial legs to three thieves. He  had successfully captured one who assaulted and robbed his mate. He later married and in June 1941 was called up for the militia. Despite his lack of legs he served in the army  in a salvage and recovery unit until 1944 when he was medically discharged after developing a cyst on one of his stumps. At the time of enlistment he was living in Sydney, aged 43 with four children. He stated he was a blacksmith when he joined the first AIF but in 1941 gave his occupation as war pensioner.

The photograph taken at the Horton hospital is uncompromising about the injuries and medical procedures Thomas Rountree  had suffered: no hospital blanket or rug is draped across his white bandaged remnant legs which stand out in consequence. Perhaps it is a measure of his bravery, unwillingness to  compromise and strength of character that he allowed himself to be photographed so starkly. What is known about his later life supports his possession of these qualities.

Philippa Scarlett   

6 December 2015


About Indigenous Histories

Author & Publisher of Australian history, art and culture.
This entry was posted in Other non white Australians and the AIF, WW1, WW2. Bookmark the permalink.


  1. Jessica says:

    Very nice piece Philippa! Jessica


  2. Really wonderful to now know his name. Such strenght of character a true hro and Anzac.

  3. The post asked the question who was this soldier and by implication was he Aboriginal. The research by Christine Cramer which led to his identification as Thomas Rountree also led to the discovery that he was of Afro American heritage although his family has intermarried and had close links with the Aboriginal community. This post is categorised as ‘Other non white Australians and the AIF’

    • Kristy says:

      I have reason to believe that this man is my great-grandfather (I am the grand-daughter of Thomas Rountree’s son Leslie Rountree O.A.M (b.1928)). Can you please point me to Christine Cramer’s research. Many thanks

      • Kristy I have passed your query to Christine Cramer who was responsible for a major part of the research in my post identifying this soldier as Thomas Rountree. It was very satisfying to be able to give him a name and to see the fine sort of man he was as evidenced by his subsequent actions.

  4. Booknerd says:

    I have reason to believe that this man is my great-grandfather. Could you please point me to Christine’s Crammer’s research and/or tell me where I can find more information?

    Many thanks!

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